Toothaches are usually the result of bacteria in the mouth and its reaction to sugar or starch. They can vary greatly, from mild soreness around your jaws to unbearable pain in your teeth. This may be caused by cavities, gum disease or an exposed tooth root. As bacteria continue to break down sugars, plaque is formed, which is primarily filled with acids. If not checked, it can further form tartar that cannot be brushed away. These acids eat their way from the tooth enamel, to the pulp and eventually reach the root. It is necessary to prevent the spread of this infection by visiting a dentist who will identify the cause and reverse it before it is too late. However, these home remedies will ease the pain before you reach your dentist.
1. Saltwater Rinse.
It can really help with easing the pain. Bacteria breakdowns sugars into lactic acid, which is responsible for eating through the enamel. Warm salt water neutralizes the acid and thus slows down the decaying process significantly while relieving pain. The salt water will also help with drawing excess fluid from inflamed tissues.
Directions; A cup of warm water mixed with a half teaspoon of salt. Swish the water in your mouth for about a minute and then spit it out. Repeat this as many times until you see your dentist.
2. Peppermint oil.
Menthol, a constituent of peppermint is used in large scale manufacturing of counter pain relieving gels, creams and sprays. It’s among the most effective painkillers. A molecule known as ligand in menthol stimulate the brain to block pain through desensitizing the region. It does not actually alter temperature, but it tricks the brain into administering a cold sensation.
Directions; Mix one teaspoon of peppermint oil with two tablespoons of olive oil, this dilute solution will prevent irritation. Soak a cotton ball in the oil and apply it around the sore gum and tooth.
Cloves contain eugenol, a substance that is a powerful antiseptic and painkiller. It is in fact the main constituent of the stuff dentists use to numb the tooth area. It is thought to block pain receptors and thus inhibiting the pain sensation.
Directions; Soak cotton ball in the oil and apply it to the throbbing tooth.
4. Hydrogen Peroxide.
It acts much as the saline water, the difference is it also attacks the bacteria and not just rinse it away. It is a strong, proven germ fighter. However, it should be mixed with water, if used at full strength; it may burn your teeth and gums.
Directions; Mix equal parts of hydrogen peroxide with water and swish in your mouth for almost 30 seconds.
Garlic is somehow similar to an antibiotic. It acts by inhibiting growth of bacteria that attacks your tooth. It is effective in pain relief but leaves an undesirable breath.
Directions; Crash a clove of garlic with a pinch of salt and apply the paste to the sensitive tooth. You can also just chew the cloves.
In a nutshell, all these home remedies are short term; they will only help you to get through until you can access professional help. While many people worship the efficacy of these remedies, they are not scientifically proven. They will ease the pain but not treat the problem. It is important that you get to the root of the problem before it gets worse.